Apple Tree – Malus domestica

Apple trees are not the most common trees in the Northwoods, but there are still several orchards around the state of Wisconsin. Visiting these orchards and enjoying the apples are among the most popular fall activities.

The Apple Tree is one of the most widely cultivated fruit trees. In order to reach maximum fruit production, careful pruning of the tree is also required. Any new branches growing vertically should be cut back so that the tree focuses its energy on growing the fruit itself instead of growing taller. Apples from these trees are harvested and used to make many different products including vinegar, apple juice, applesauce, apple butter and apple pies.

The first variety of apple trees was thought to have originated from the mountains of Central Asia. Since its spread from Asia to Europe, there are now 2,500 varieties of apples grown in the United States today. It thrives in well-drained soils and areas that have a harsh enough winter each year to invoke a period of dormancy.

– Kate Handberg, GIS Manager